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Une vue de la boite de vitesses, côté cloche d'embrayage.
La grande majorité des 1600-2 et
2002 est sortie d'usine équipée de la boite manuelle à 4
vitesses. Cepandant un changement important dans la production
des boites 4 vitesses utilisées dans les 2002
s'est produit à la mi-1971. L'usine a commencé à employer
les synchros Borg-Warner au lieu des synchros
Porsche utilisés jusque-là.
De façon générale, les transmissions Borg-Warner sont plus abondantes, et préférables, les boites à synchros Porsche manifestant souvent une faiblesse connue du synchro de seconde.
Boites 4 vitesses
Cette boite connu quelques changements mineurs durant son cycle de production. Les modèles d'avant 69 ont un accouplement à 3 boulons et utilisent un flector à 6 boulons avec ce type d'arbre de transmission.Pre-'69 examples came with a 3-bolt output flange, to match the smaller, 6-bolt flex coupling used on the earlier driveshaft. Later cars had a 4-bolt output flange, with an 8-bolt Guibo flex coupling. The selector shaft length was also changed with the flange change, so trying to install a 4-bolt flange on a transmission originally equipped with a 3-bolt will result in a problem of the flex coupling hitting the selector shaft.
There was also a change made to the output flanges on this transmission. Early examples (pre-'76) were infamous for having the splines on the output shaft and flange wear down, sometimes to the point of shearing off, resulting in a stranded car. The fix came on late '75 cars, with a redesigned shaft and flange featuring finer splines. Most of these transmissions will have exhibited this problem by now and should have been fixed (by updating to the newer style flange and shaft). Occasionally, you can still find one of the rare ones that haven't suffered from the problem. Also, in '78, some internal modifications were made (wider first gear, etc.) to this transmission. It should be noted that the 2002 and 320i versions can be interchanged, although the clutch slave cylinder mounts differently, depending on the version. The 2002 clutch slave cylinder is pressed into a bore cast into the bellhousing, and has an exposed pushrod that pushes towards the rear of the car, while the 320i clutch slave cylinder is bolted into a lug on the side of the bellhousing, with a pushrod that is hidden inside the bellhousing, pushing towards the front of the car.
Boites 5 vitesses
Five Speed Transmissions
The 235/5 gearbox was the factory optional close ratio five speed gearbox for the 2002. These units are fairly rare. A guess is that there were perhaps 2000-3000 of these units produced. This transmission was an option even on the 2002 Turbo. If you have one, or know where one is, consider yourself lucky! If you have one, and it needs rebuilding, prepare to spend some money and encounter lots of frustration! This gearbox is used primarily for track type events and for people searching for the best performance and overall gear selection. It is well suited to cars with heavily modified motors which have a narrow powerband. Most street applications are more suited to the five speed overdrive gearbox. Some parts can be found for the 235/5, but most of the rebuild items that still exist have to come directly from Germany. Unfortunately, a large amount of core parts for these gearboxes are NLA. If you are in need of major parts for this transmission, you may be out of luck. These transmissions are 3.0625 (3 and 1/16) inches longer than the 4-speed, and need the associated hardware adjusted accordingly. The clutch slave cylinder is mounted in the same manner as a standard 2002 four speed.
There are several easy ways to identify a transmission as a close ratio five speed. First, the front housing is identical to a 2002 four speed. There is an added cast aluminum section sandwiched between the front housing, and the rear cover. On the top of the transmission located on this additional sandwiched housing, there will be some numbers stamped. The first is a serial number, ending with a /5 (to designate five gears). There will also be a 235 or 238 number stamped on the cast sandwiched housing nearby. This gearbox also uses the racing style shift pattern, with first gear to the left and down, under reverse.
Apparently, there were additional gearsets available from the factory (or Getrag) for racing applications. These are extremely rare (even more so than a regular 235/5 box). Nevertheless, they represent some interesting gearing possibilities for a 2002. The race version uses dog type synchros, much like the racing Hewland gearboxes. With this setup, you just bang it into gear and go. They're not very forgiving, though. The ratios for all three gearsets are listed below.
Getrag 235/5, optional close-ratio 5-speed for the 2002:
street version: rally version: race version:
More common 5 speeds:
The Getrag 245/4 overdrive five speed from the 1980-1982 320i is the most popular transmission used when installing a five speed into a 2002. The gear ratios are:
Getrag 245/4, '80-'82 320i overdrive 5-speed
The Getrag 245/10 close ratio 5 speed can be found on some european 320's. Nowadays, this is usually the close ratio gearbox of choice for conversions.
Getrag 245/10, close-ratio 5-speed found on some european 320's:
Not listed here is the Getrag 240 overdrive 5 speed found on the '83 320i and '84-'85 318i, as it is almost identical, ratio-wise to the 245/4. It is also of a lighter, weaker design than the 245/4. It is therefore not a good choice when mated to a modified performance engine. Installing one in a 2002 is also slightly more of a challenge, due to it's extra width and lack of an available 4 bolt output flange.
It is also noteworthy to point out that the newer E36 318is
gearbox is not a close-ratio unit. The first 4 gears are shortened
such that 5th can be made direct and push through a relatively
high-geared final drive, simulating a wide ratio overdrive 5-speed
pushing a regular final drive. This improves overall efficiency
in 5th gear by reducing frictional and gearing losses.
|bmw2002.fr © Frédéric RABET - dernière mise à jour le mardi 25 avril, 2006|